The physican and psychiatrist Viktor Frankl (1905 - 1997) founded the so called Third Vienna School of Psychotherapy. Frankl considered Existential Analysis as an expansion of Freud's instinctive drive theory ("Triebtheorie"). He stressed that human beings are not the product of their psyche and their early childhood imprinting but that they always have the freedom to take a stand against their drives and physical needs and to react to them according to their free will.
Alfried Längle developed Frankl's theory into a full-fledged school of psychotherapeutic treatment. The goal of existential analysis is to aid a person to mentally and emotionally free experiences, to taking an authentic, independent and self-reliant stand towards their life. Existence means a living a meaningful and responsible life led in freedom and in a dialog with the world. Existence is successful if a person lives their life with inner affirmation - a life they can fully embrace.
Existential psychotherapy gives guidance in creating the condition for a meaningful life. These conditions for a successful and felicitious life are: